Unlike external body parts, internal body parts are more prone to infections and vulnerable to diseases. One of the most sensitive parts of a human being’s body is the tonsils which are structured like glands surrounding one’s throat lying on each side. Its structural composition contains lymphocytes that aid in battling bacteria.
The cells are however sometimes overpowered and get the bacterial infection that consequently leads to the swelling of the glands resulting in a condition known as tonsil hypertrophy. The condition may further result in the development of stones on the tonsillitis glands a condition that is also experienced by the kidneys. Well, here in an insight into tonsil hypertrophy that will keep you armed with adequate and relevant information relating to care and treatment of the condition.
Causes of tonsil hypertrophy
Young toddlers are more vulnerable to the condition unlike adults, but this doesn’t mean that they cannot be infected. Exposure to bacterial infection causes the swelling of the tonsils, while in some individuals it may be a genetically transferred and will occur at birth. Such cases have minimal occurrences. Individuals suffering from any other external infections within one’s body are also highly vulnerable to contracting tonsil hypertrophy. Here are some of the most common causes of hypertrophy;
- Allergies and body reactions to foreign substances consumption and body contact.
- Genetic transfer from one’s family lineage.
- Infections surrounding the throat area of various types which are;
o Acute tonsillitis
o Chronic tonsillitis
o Peritonsillar abscess
- Other bacteria causing infection that lead to tonsil hypertrophy are the streptococcus bacteria and Epstein-Barr virus.
Symptoms of tonsil hypertrophy
Once any foreign organisms inhibit the human body, different reactions are exhibited which may be visible or by feeling the reaction. Infestation by the bacteria that consequently leads to the infection which causes tonsil hypertrophy make the body react in a different way that’s different from its norm. The behaviors are some of the most common indications of tonsil hypertrophy or tonsil stones.
- High body temperatures exceeding the recommended body temperature for any health person.
- Some sharp pain and sensitivity felt in the ears. The sensitivity is mostly felt when swallowing any food bolus as it passes down your throat. It also can be felt when completely no activity is taking place.
- Still, pain in the throat that is severe and persistent. The pain can lust for up to three days consecutively. The condition causes pain when swallowing, therefore, affecting the feeding habits of the infected person.
- Persistent headaches
- Pain in the abdomen which is minimally felt by adults but highly present in toddlers who are infected.
- The inability of the vocal cord passing voice when communicating which leads to loss or change in individual’s voice.
- Swollen tonsil and the glands are almost coming into contact with each other despite them being adjacent to each other.
- Change in throat color making it seem red with white flakes which might be inhibited by the purse.
- Throat surface becomes more tender and sensitive.
- Fatigued body even without having engaged in a lot of physical and intellectual activities.
- Decreased appetite and want of food which is an independent factor not relating to the swollen tonsil and pain experienced during swallowing.
- Bad breath accruing from the bacterial breeding within the tonsil glands.
- Snoring during sleeping due to blocked air along the tract.
- Sinus infections that keep on recurring from time to time.
Treatment of tonsils hypertrophy
Once one has noticed all the above symptoms, it is highly advisable for them to seek medical advice for professional assistance and professional diagnostics by a qualified medic since unattended tonsil hypertrophy may even lead to pneumonia. Here are some of the professional approaches that are taken to fight the infection in relation to the cause.
- Tonsillectomy, a surgical approach of treating tonsils by completely removing the glands. The decision of complete removal is arrived at if it is found out that the patient had a chronic infection that keeps recurring and causing other complications such as cardio pulmonary complications that affect the breathing process. Children who are also highly vulnerable of the infection and keep getting affected with the tonsil hypertrophy exceeding five to seven times annually they are then recommended to undergo through the surgical process.
• Prescription of Antibiotics to counter the bacteria which beats them instantly and symptoms decline almost instantly. It is therefore highly recommended that the prescribed dose is taken to completion so that the bacteria causing infection is completely countered.